Geographic location (geographical frame, relief, climate, landscapes)
„The place where nothing happened” – Mihail Sadoveanu
Fălticeni, one of the cities of Suceava County, the second largest settlement as the area and number of inhabitants following Suceava city, it is located in the south-eastern part of Suceava County, on the European route E85, 25 km away from Suceava, the capital of the county.
Fălticeni municipality covers an area of 28,76 km² being sat on the middle course of Şomuzul Mare River, tributary on the right of Siret River; geographically, the city is situated on the plateau of the same name, subunity of Suceava Plateau .
The locality is at the intersection of geographic coordinates with 47º 28’ north latitude and 26º 18’ east longitude and 348- metre altitude on the sea level .
On its early stages the city was settled on the low valley of Șomuzul Mare River endangered by floods , as well as the rough valley of Buciumeni Brook, surrounding it to the south. Gradually, the city has moved its hearth upper on Târgului Hill.
The geographic frame of the city is different from the one of the county, lacking the highland, but it classed in the eastern scenery of the county, with hills which range 390-430 m.
Within Suceava Tableland, the one of Fălticeni has a marginal position which it confers the possibility to enhance the value of natural resources fairly miscellaneous , the forestry resources of the Carpathian and sub-Carpathian area, of Moldova- Siret Passage (clean water, bedrocks) as well as the agricultural products in Sucevei Tableland .
Thus, the foreigner who gets to Tâmpeşti Hill, located in the south-eastern part of the city , could notice a view unique through richness ,variety and beauty of the landscapes ; from the noisiness of the city to the greenness of the trees that dominate the entire horizon, orchards as far as the eye can reach, peaceful places of woodland (Buciumeni, Oprişeni, Antileşti) in the midst of houses which are still keeping the trace of villages from the past times , the Şomuz water that was always determing M. Sadoveanu to joyfully return to his work „Nada Flowers”.
The city, located in a lower area, is surrounded by a hilly lanscape most proudly is the Tâmpeşti Hill (At the Crossroads), with an altitude of 431,9 m near this, there is the Spătăreşti Hill – 414,8m. In the northern part there are three famous hills of the area , Citadel Hill, 431m where had been discovered prehistoric tools and silex, Glimeea Hill, 390m where it retains the traces of the former sea covering this country corner and Corneşti Hill, 402m where the great I. Creangă was deciphering the mysteries of Romanian Language grammar. Beyond the water of Șomuz, in the north – eastern side of the city, lies the Halmului Hill- 404m.
With its 320-350 – metre altitudine as it has his central area, the city dominates Şomuz Valley, reaching the absolute minimum level of 260 m.
The climatic conditions of Fălticeni city are temperate –continental (specific to plateaux regions) with Baltic influences. Multiannual average temperature (calculated for the last 50 years) is 8,1 degrees C. The month with the lowest monthly average is January with -3,9…-4,5degrees C. The extreme values of air temperature recorded at Fălticeni were -30ºC on January 2nd, 1909 and the maximum 37º C (16.08.1905).
The average annual precipitation is 621mm, the highest amount recording in the summer (42% of the annual amount). The phenomenon of drought is rare and short-lived.
The hydrographic network of Fălticeni city includes surface water with flow direction from North-west to south-east and groundwater.
The surface hydrographic network is represented by Şomuzul Mare River with an overflow of 1,2mc/s, which borders the city on the northern side, on a length of 5km and its tributaries crossing the city, Târgului Brook, Buciumeni Brook, Tâmpeştilor Brook.
Şomuzul Mare River feeds the three ponds with a total area of 600hectares and a volume of 1,2mil mc, with fisheries and recreational importance.
Fălticeni plateau, from the floristic point of view, belongs to the East-Carpathian province, remarking through a variety of genera and species. The varied nature of spontaneous vegetation is also the result of position crossing the plateau area from the steppe vegetation to the forest vegetation. The secondary, primary and natural meadows (post forest) occupy a limited area and located in most of their lands, subjected to erosion in the slope, under the influence of man and animals.
The Great Șomuzului meadow vegetation is represented by various species of herbs, adding on reed, bulrush. The woody vegetation is mostly composed of weak wood: willow, poplar.
In higher, less wet areas, such as The Wonderful Holt we meet clumps of forest consisting of a mixture of strong and soft essences: oak, hornbeam, elm, lime.
As in other areas of the country, the spontaneous vegetal coating of the region between Şomuzul Mare and Moldavia was compiled in the XVII th century and XVIII th century from extensive forests, gradually replaced, as the population growth and technique’s improvement, with agricultural domains ,industrial emplacements, communication ways and expanding in areas of the city . This process has been greatly boosted in the last 200 years.
On the territory of Fălticeni municipality there are laid out green spaces of different categories: related to buildings and institutions, recreation area and central park.
The fauna falls within East-Carpathian province (crossing area from the steppe to the forest).The animal kingdom is much poorer, most having suffered from the expansion of human activities. Among the most representative mammals are the rodents: ground squirrel, field mouse, hamster. Quite common are the hare field, fox, ferret, mole.
The birds which live in the city area are: the pigeon, turtle dove, hoopoe, starling, goldfinch, sparrow, cuckoo, crow, swallow, martin.
The reptiles have as main representatives the grass snake, the lizard.
Certain bird species are summer guests , among which we quote: the yellow egret, water hen, mallard duck, white stork.
Winter guests are species like: winter swan, mallard, coot.