Current characterization of the area (population, economy, etc.)
„ After the one from Leipzig is one of the most significant fairs of Europe” – 1849 – V.I. Ghica in the article „ The icons of yesterday Romanian life…”
About the population number of the city there is not much information until the XIXth century, the few consignments rather remember about the number of houses and households.
As the number of inhabitants the town has known variations ; for the year 1774 it is known the number of houses, the average being of 2,2-2,5 seat/house: Fălticeni village includes 62 houses, Buciumeni village includes 19 houses, Şoldăneşti village includes 59 houses.
The earliest information that we have about city’s population is from the year 1803 in „Liuzi Chronicle”, in which we find, that the nearly 25 years since its foundation, the town,had 400 inhabitants. The first half of the XIXth century is characterized by a strong increase of the city’s population.This increase find its explanation in the relative development of economy , in the conditions given by the occurence of of the feature of capitalist production and the diminution of the foreign suzerainty . In 1830 Fălticeni had 2345 inhabitants , being the sixth city of Moldavia, as size, afterIaşi, Botoşani, Galaţi, Bârlad and Bacău. The population growth is not only based on attracting dwellers from the rural areas , but also a significant emigration . Between 1774 and 1777, when were discussed the Austro-Turkish treaties in order to delimit the borders, some of great merchants and money lenders in Suceava fled to Fălticeni. The new milestone passed at only 6 km from Fălticeni. After Fălticeniul became the capital city capitală of the county , a part of the neighbouring estates’ owners have settled in the city .
For the period of an earlier development of the city is connected with the evolution of the inhabitants’ number which led to the fall of Baia fair,the taking of Suceava by Austrian people and the foundation of Şoldăneşti fair . The outcome of a complex influence of factors remembered here is firstly mirrored in the population evolution of Fălticeni city. The numerical evolution of population results from the following table:
The upgrowth of inhabitants’ number(1803-2005)
|Census Data||Nr. of people|
|1828 – Fălticeni town had 673 courtyards 1830 – the sixth city of Moldavia , as size||2345|
|1832||2378 …….. Gipsy people 26 Jews – 1470 people|
|1850||9 000 people from which 63,5% were Jews.|
|6.IX.1941||12607 6525 Jews|
|25.I.1948||10561 4700 Jews|
|1.I.1993||32963 51 Jews|
At the foundation of the city, next to the Romanian people settled other nationalities like Jews, Armenians, who came from Suceava and fairs of Bukovina . Jewish emigration has been taking large proportions mari after the occupation of Bukovina by Austrian people , that the authorities were larming and trying to hold up.
Thus in 1830, of 2345 inhabitants , as Fălticeni town had , 544 (23,1 %) were Jewish . The ruler Minai Sturza (1834-1849) opens the borders widely for the entry into the country of the Jews . They are settled in villages, too,but mostly in fairs their nu8mber was higher. Of the 9000 inhabitants of the city , 3000 were Romanians, 5800 Jews ( 64,4 % ) and 200 Austrians.
In 1893 the national structure of the population was presented as follows: 3018 Romanians (36,3 % ), 5150 Jews ( 60,2%), 317 Austrians, 21 Bulgarians, 11 Lipovans. In the first decades of the XXth century, the percentage of Romanian population continues to grow , reaching in 1930 to 67,9 % , the other ethnic groups representing 32,1 % ( Jews 28,7%, Germans 1,5% 1,9 % Hungarians , Ukrainians, Armenians, Poles, Greeks and Bulgarians).
At the census in 1956 Romanian population represented 84,3 % and only 15,7% other nationalities. Jews constituted 12,7 % and the remaining of 3 % were Hungarians , Germans , Romani. The number of Jewish population begins to decline as a result of emigration. After 1956 the percentage of Romanian population continues to increase , that at the census in 1977 the Romanians were holding 98,1 % , and in 1992, 98,4 %.
THE ETHNIC STRUCTURE OF POPULATION OF THE FĂLTICENI MUNICIPALITY (1930-2002)
|Other ethnic group||28||12||2||3|
However, compared to the year 1992, it is noticed a slight decrease of a Romanian ethnicity (98,2% in 2002 towards 98,4% în 1992) and the forthcoming of representatives of unknown ethnicitiesso far (four Turks,one Chinese , two Italians). Compared to other censuses , in 2002 the second after the Romanian ethnic community is the one of Russian-Lipovans.
The population has slightly increased and after 1990, reaching the maximum value in 1999 (33867 inhabitants), year in which began the numerical decline. This was mostly due to the growth of surrounding rural areas of dismissed population as a result of industrial restructuring (chemical industry, wood processing industry , food industry, textile industry and others). Neighbouring rural area offered these men the opportunities to practice agriculture (fruit growing, livestock, crops, cereals, potatoes, etc.). An important role it had, especially for the recent years , departures abroad străinătate, many permanently. Also, the numerical decrease of population was due to the one of birth rate, too, in the last decade.
The economic features of the town have been clear-cut since its beginnings.
A dominant feature of the genesis and evolution of the fair in its first phase constituted almost exclusively the commercial activity. The importance of commercial function arises from the fact that prior to 1780, the region stretched starting from Bistriţa Valley, up to Siret Valley did not have an important commercial center.
Under the economic report the city lived more often through the four marts per year, laid down in a charter issued by Scarlat Voivode Calimahi on September 10th 1814: at the Saint Prophet Elijah ,July 20th, at the Saint Demeter , October 26th, at the Lent and at the Saint George, April 23rd. This settlement of marts was fortified in 1826, by Ioniţă Sandu Sturza,remaining in the end, one mart,on July 20th,that will do, for a long time, the fair’s fame.G. Melidon notified in 1855 that the mart was the highest in the Romanian principalities , and in those 20 days was holding it, there were trading commercial exchanges between the numerous peoples între numeroasele that came here.
Fălticenii of the XIXth century was famous throughout Europe thanks to the Jews in town and the fur trade .
The XXth century brought itself economic transformations; in a city with a beautiful medieval particularity reaching to an industrialized city in the secong half of the period ; we will mention a few of these achievements in order to capture the moment , the details would be unnecessary because the post-revolutionary economy made them forgotten.
For the interwar period the year 1938 is characteristic to Fălticeni city that had an industry consisted of two sawmills , two furniture mills , a chair mill, two tanneries, two flour mills, a rope workshop and a hat factory . A large part of the population of the city was covered in agriculture d ( 21,4% of the total working population in 1930).The rest of the town men consisted of smalll merchants and owners that studded the city with many shops ,beaneries, booths, bakeries , hotels, pharmacies, typographies, medical offices, bookshop and various craft workshops , tailor shops,shoemaking shops , carpentry shops etc.
But the economic elements specific to the city can be summarized as follows:1925 commissioned the Electrical Power Enterprise , 1939 – Fruit Farming Research Station, 1940 – Marmalade Factory , 1952 – Wood Industrialization Enterprise, 1957 – Spinning of Flax and Hemp , 1961- Bread Factory, 1971 –Furniture Factory, 1979 –Glass Factory, 1981 –Starch and Dtergents Factory, 1982 –Milk Powder Factory.